same-sex marriage | History, Status Around the World, & Facts | mairamarmi.tk

 

same sex marriages articles

In fact, they may be more stable than heterosexual marriages. In fact, this is one of the best benefits of same sex marriage. Pros and cons of same sex marriage: The debate. The debate on same sex marriage pros and cons majorly arises from the fact that people have different beliefs and value systems. Sep 08,  · On June 26, , the Supreme Court struck down a part of the Defense of Marriage Act, saying the federal ban on benefits to same-sex couples is unconstitutional; it also declined to rule on. Same-sex marriage, the practice of marriage between two men or between two women. Although same-sex marriage has been regulated through law, religion, and custom in most countries of the world, the legal and social responses have ranged from celebration to criminalization.


Same-Sex Marriage, Civil Unions, and Domestic Partnerships - The New York Times


Same-sex marriagethe practice of marriage between two men or between two women. Although same-sex marriage has been regulated through law, religion, and custom in most countries of the world, the legal and social responses have ranged from celebration on the one hand to criminalization on the other.

Some scholars, most notably the Yale professor and historian John Boswell —94same sex marriages articles, have argued that same-sex unions were recognized by the Roman Catholic Church in medieval Europe, although others have disputed this claim. Scholars and the general public became increasingly interested in the issue during the late 20th century, a period when attitudes toward homosexuality and laws regulating homosexual behaviour were liberalized, particularly in western Europe and the United States.

The issue of same-sex marriage frequently sparked emotional and political clashes between supporters and opponents. By the early 21st century, several jurisdictions, both at the national and subnational levels, same sex marriages articles, had legalized same-sex marriage; in other jurisdictions, same sex marriages articles, constitutional measures were adopted to prevent same-sex marriages from being sanctioned, or laws were enacted that refused to recognize such marriages performed elsewhere.

That the same act was evaluated so differently by various groups indicates its importance as a social issue in the early 21st century; it also demonstrates the extent to which cultural diversity persisted both within and among countries. For tables on same-sex marriage around the world, in the United States, and in Australia, see below. Perhaps the earliest systematic analyses of marriage and kinship were conducted by the Swiss legal historian Johann Jakob Bachofen and the American ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan ; by the midth century an enormous variety of marriage and sexual customs across cultures had been documented by such scholars.

Notably, they found that most cultures expressed an ideal form of marriage and an ideal set of marriage partners, while also practicing flexibility in the application of those ideals.

Among the more common forms so documented were common-law marriage ; morganatic marriagein which titles and property do not pass to children; exchange marriagein which a sister and a brother from one family marry a brother and a sister from another; and same sex marriages articles marriages based on polygyny co-wives or polyandry co-husbands. Ideal matches have included those between cross-cousinsbetween parallel cousins, to a group of sisters in polygyny or brothers in polyandryor between different age sets.

In many cultures the exchange of some form of surety, such as bride service, bridewealthor dowryhas been a traditional part of the marriage contract. Cultures that openly accepted homosexuality, of which there were many, generally had nonmarital categories of partnership through which such bonds could be expressed and socially regulated.

Conversely, other cultures essentially denied the existence of same-sex intimacy, or at least deemed it an unseemly topic for discussion of any sort. Over time the historical and traditional cultures originally recorded by the likes of Bachofen and Morgan slowly succumbed to the homogenization imposed by colonialism. Although a multiplicity of marriage practices once existed, conquering nations same sex marriages articles forced local cultures to conform to colonial belief and administrative systems.

Whether Egyptian, Vijayanagaran, Roman, Ottoman, Mongol, Chinese, European, or other, empires have long fostered or, in some cases, imposed the widespread adoption of a relatively small number of religious and legal systems. By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the perspectives of one or more of the world religions— BuddhismHinduismJudaismIslamand Christianity —and their associated civil practices were often invoked during national discussions of same-sex marriage.

Perhaps because systems of religion and systems of civil authority often reflect and support each other, the countries that had reached consensus on the issue by the early s tended to have a single dominant religious affiliation across the population; many such places had a single, state-sponsored religion.

This was the case in both Iran, where a strong Muslim theocracy had criminalized same-sex intimacy, and Denmarkwhere the findings of a conference of Evangelical Lutheran bishops representing the state religion had helped smooth the way for the first national recognition of same-sex relationships through registered partnerships. In other cases, the cultural homogeneity supported by the dominant religion did not result in the application of doctrine to the civic realm but may nonetheless have fostered a smoother series of discussions among the citizenry: Belgium and Spain had legalized same-sex marriage, for same sex marriages articles, despite official opposition from their predominant religious institution, the Roman Catholic Church.

The existence of religious pluralities within a country seems to have had a less determinate effect on the outcome of same-sex marriage debates. In some such countries, including the United Statesconsensus on this issue was difficult to reach.

On the other hand, the Netherlands —the first country to grant equal marriage rights to same-sex couples —was religiously diversesame sex marriages articles, as was Canadawhich did so in Most of the world religions have at some points in their histories opposed same-sex marriage for one or more of the following stated reasons: homosexual acts violate natural law or divine intentions and are therefore immoral; passages in sacred texts condemn homosexual acts; and religious tradition recognizes only the marriage of one man and one woman as valid.

In the early 21st century, same sex marriages articles, however, Judaism, same sex marriages articles, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism all spoke with more than one voice on this issue. Orthodox Judaism opposed same-sex marriage, while the Reform, Reconstructionist, and Conservative traditions allowed for it, same sex marriages articles.

Most Christian denominations opposed it, while the United Church of Christthe United Church of Canadaand the Religious Society of Friends Quakers took a more favourable stand or allowed individual churches autonomy in the matter. The Unitarian Universalist churches and the gay-oriented Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches fully accepted same-sex marriage. Hinduismwithout a sole leader or hierarchyallowed some Hindus to accept the practice while others were virulently opposed.

The three major schools of Buddhism —Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana—stressed the attainment of enlightenment as a basic theme; most Buddhist literature therefore viewed all marriage as a choice between the two individuals involved.

Sexuality is but one of many areas where religious and civic authority interact; definitions of the purpose of marriage is another. In one view, same sex marriages articles, the purpose of marriage is to ensure successful procreation same sex marriages articles child rearing.

A third perspective holds that marriage is an instrument of societal domination and so is not desirable. A fourth is that relationships between consenting adults should not be regulated by the government.

Although most religions subscribe to just one of these beliefs, it is not uncommon for two or more viewpoints to coexist within a given society. Proponents of the first view believe that the primary goal of marriage is to provide a relatively uniform social institution through which to produce and raise children.

In their view, because male and female are both necessary for procreation, the privileges of marriage should be available only to opposite-sex couples. In other words, partnerships involving sexual intimacy should have at least a notional potential for procreation. From this perspective, the movement to legally recognize same-sex marriage is a misguided attempt to deny the social, moraland biological distinctions that foster the continued existence of society and so should be discouraged.

Among groups who feel strongly that same-sex marriage is problematic, there is also a tendency for the legal relationships of spouses, parents, and children to converge.

Typically, these societies provide for the automatic inheritance of property between spouses, and between parents and children, and allow these close kin to co-own property without joint ownership contracts. In addition, such societies often allow close kin a variety of automatic privileges such as sponsoring immigration visas or making medical decisions for one another; for those with whom one shares no close kin relationship, these privileges typically require legal interventions.

Such legal circumventions are usually more difficult for, same sex marriages articles in some cases even prohibited to, same-sex couples. In contrast to the procreative model of marriage, advocates of the legalization of same-sex marriage generally believed that committed partnerships involving sexual intimacy are valuable because they draw people together to a singular degree and in singular ways. In this view, such relationships are intrinsically worthy while also quite distinct from though not incompatible with activities associated with the bearing or raising of children.

Sexual partnerships are one of a number of factors that bond adults together into stable household units. These households, in turn, form the foundation of a productive society—a society in which, albeit incidentally, children, elders, and others who may be relatively powerless are likely to be protected. From this perspective, the devaluation of same-sex intimacy is immoral because it constitutes arbitrary and irrational discriminationthereby damaging the community.

Most same-sex marriage advocates further held that international human rights legislation provided a universal franchise to equal same sex marriages articles under the law.

Thus, prohibiting a specific group from the full rights of marriage was illegally discriminatory. For advocates of the community-benefit perspective, all the legal perquisites associated with heterosexual marriage should be available to any committed couple. For these reasons, they maintained that consensual intimacy between adults should not be regulated and that marriage should be disestablished as a cultural institution. A fourth view, libertarianismhad different premises from queer theory but somewhat similar ramifications; it proposed that government powers same sex marriages articles be strictly limited, generally to the tasks of maintaining civil order, infrastructuresame sex marriages articles, and defense.

Same sex marriages articles libertarians, marriage legislation of any sort—either the legalization or the prohibition of same-sex marriage—fell outside of the role of government and was unacceptable. Same-sex marriage. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback, same sex marriages articles. Introduction Cultural ideals of marriage and sexual partnership Religious and secular expectations of marriage and sexuality Same-sex marriage and the law International United States The future of same-sex marriage Same-sex marriage around the world.

See Article History. Alternative Titles: same-sex partnership, same-sex union. Facts Matter. Start Your Free Trial Today. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

 

Same-Sex Marriage Pros and Cons | mairamarmi.tk

 

same sex marriages articles

 

This was the first time Kim Davis faced re-election since , when she defied the Supreme Court ruling and refused to issue same-sex marriage licenses The "Support Gay Marriage" cake was at odds. In fact, they may be more stable than heterosexual marriages. In fact, this is one of the best benefits of same sex marriage. Pros and cons of same sex marriage: The debate. The debate on same sex marriage pros and cons majorly arises from the fact that people have different beliefs and value systems. Same-sex Marriage and Constitutional Law A Right to Marry? Same-sex Marriage and Constitutional Law Martha Nussbaum ▪ Summer (Ted Eytan / Flickr) Marriage is both ubiquitous and central. All across our country, in every region, every social class, every race and ethnicity, every religion or non-religion, people get married.