Environmental Review Toolkit


environmental justice case studies

Case Studies Featured Case Study Pennsylvania DOT has developed its Every Voice Counts planning-level environmental justice guidance as well as separate project-level guidance. Jun 12,  · The Environmental Justice Atlas is an international collaboration that tracks land and energy conflicts around the world. The environmental . “The map shows some of the most representative environmental justice conflicts in the United States. In an effort to choose landmark cases we elicited feedback from more than environmental justice leaders, activists, and scholars in identifying these case studies.

Center for Environmental Excellence by AASHTO: Environmental Justice

This website uses cookies for user login, personalised content and statistics. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies - if you wish to opt-out of non-essential cookies, environmental justice case studies, you may do so below.

Yet, despite its consistent progress since the s, environmental justice protests seem to get lost in the morass of information on broader environmental issues. In contrast, labour conflicts, including strikes and lock-outs, carry such gravity that the International Labour Organization tracks these on a systematic basis. As more communities are refusing to allow the destruction and contamination of their land, water, soil environmental justice case studies air, these, in turn, deserve to be counted.

The Environmental Justice Atlas EJAtlasan inventory of social conflicts around environmental issues, fills that gap. It is funded by two successive European research projects, through a collective effort of scientists and activists.

It records the failures and successes of the worldwide movement for environmental justice. It has collected and categorised about ecological distribution conflicts. These focus on who gains and who loses in development processes, arguing that these movements play a fundamental role in redefining and promoting sustainability.

In honour of World Environment Dayon June 5th, some of the highlights of the most pertinent findings, stemming from the ten most critical categories of environmental distribution conflicts facing the world today are shown.

These are listed in order of most-catalogued cases in the EJAtlas, environmental justice case studies. But due to the nature of the projectthis is not indicative of its global significance. Booming palm oil production is behind environmental justice case studies land-grabbing surge for plantations, which threatens communities. Palm oil is now environmental justice case studies half of all packaged products sold in the supermarket.

These plantations replace food cropsdeprive farmers from their land, increase slave labour, cause environmental destruction like deforestationwater pollutioninfertile soil and fires.

Renewable energy conflict — 31 wind ; water infrastructure conflicts. Renewables are necessary in a post-carbon world, but mega dams like Narmada in India and mega wind projects in MexicoKenyaIndia are triggering conflicts. Methane emissions and cost overruns are hidden behind a twisted sustainability discourse to justify a new wave of dams, especially in the HimalayasAmazon basinBalkans and Africa.

In response, some rural communities are creating cooperative wind energy models as alternatives to the corporate schemes. These in turn reshape global production and consumption patterns.

Also, communities expose the injustice of large-scale dam projects and redefine their own energy transformations, environmental justice case studies. Mega-mining — conflicts. New technologies, highly polluting chemicals and massive amounts of water accompany mega-mining expansion in Latin America and Western Africa.

Resistance in Latin America and Africa is strong. Often, there is high participation and leadership of women. Affected communities are developing new local initiatives that are more sustainable.

Unburnable fuels — conflicts. The fossil fuel industry, faced with declining stocks, depends on unconventional means and locations of extraction. These extend to oil sand drilling and fracking to Arctic drilling and deep water petroleum sources. It has caused contamination of fresh water supplies, devastation of marine systemsenvironmental justice case studies, seismic activity and global warming. This gave rise to a Blockadia movement of direct action.

Blockadia connects the various struggles to highlight the global and local threats posed by oil, coal and gas extraction. Massive oppositions have resulted in moratoria on off-shore drillingenvironmental justice case studies over continued oil explorationbans environmental justice case studies frackingenvironmental justice case studies, the removal of gas pipelinesand the halting of oil and gas operations. Trash economy — conflicts.

Alliances of grassroots organisations are protecting the health and livelihoods of those living near waste sites by facing down a multi-billion dollar waste industry. The Basel Action Network tries to halt the flow of hazardous waste like e-waste from being shipped from high-consumption countries to the Global South.

The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers defends the informal recycling sector in more than 28 countries. In Delhimiddle class residents and informal recyclers joined together to oppose the privatisation of waste management and the resulting introduction of incineration.

Sand mafias — 82 conflicts. Illegal sand mining has ten times more economic value than all wildlife crime, environmental justice case studies. The causes of the surge in demand for sand are attributed to a number of reasons. They range from booming building industry to land expansion to mining of ilmenite or zircon at beaches. India is a particular hotbed of sand mining conflicts, from beach sand mining in the South to riverbed sand mining in the Himalayas.

Hundreds have been killed environmental justice case studies various branches of the sand mafia, including activists and investigative journalists. Fighting for fish — 77 conflicts. The industrialisation of fishing since the s is causing stock collapses and extinctions. Small-scale fishing communities are environmental justice case studies their rights for access to and control over aquatic commons.

Some examples are the ones by intensive fish farms in Turkey or in Chilebig port projects in India and polluting industries in Ecuador.

Despite government restrictions, China is swept by large-scale protests against the highly flammable petrochemical Paraxylene, used to make plastic and polyester. Protests in Xiamen in stopped the construction of a plant.

Protests spread to DalianChengduenvironmental justice case studies, Shanghai and elsewhere. Together with protests against incinerators, wastewater issues, and coal-fired power plants for example, a new type of a-political mass mobilisation has emerged. Nuclear nightmares — 57 conflicts.

Nuclear power is criticised because of risks illustrated by accidents in Three Mile Island ], Chernobyl and Fukushima ]. Particularly controversial were the more risky fast breeder reactors in Creys-Malville in Environmental justice case studies, where an activist lost his life. In KalkarGermany and MonjuJapan there were also serious environmental justice case studies. These were stopped but struggles at other places, such as Kalpakkam in India are ongoing.

Accidents and grassroots movements have succeeded in slowing down the nuclear industry, leading to phase outs in many countries, environmental justice case studies. Pesticide popularity — 23 conflicts. Despite the impact of pesticides on the environment and human health where it can cause cancer and kill birdsits use in farming is increasing - especially in developing countries. In Argentina the use of glyphosate in soybean cultivation is being disputed.

In AsiaLatin America and Africathe use of a nematicide to kill worms threatening banana plantations is being fought. These remain uphill battles. The case studies and database provided by the EJAtlas support the legitimacy and provide evidence to support the environmental justice movement. The EJAtlas shows that people all over the world, organised in groups and networks, struggle for the kind of world they want to create, and in doing so, are promoting sustainability.

Environmental conflicts are not disruptions to smooth governance, fixable with market solutions and technology. People are expressing grievances, aspirations and political demands. They should not be repressed; they should lead us to a better world for all. The EnvJustice research project studies and contributes to the global environmental justice movement. This article was originally published on The Conversation and is republished here with permission. Read the original article.

Technological advances with the power to improve lives, transform industries and safeguard the planet. Controversial geneticist, open access campaigner and Malaysian government minister make prestigious list. Digital Issues Buy a back issue. Renew my subscription Give a Gift Manage my subscription. Cosmos Conversation Geoscience 12 June The world's top 10 battles for environmental justice. The Environmental Justice Atlas is an international collaboration that tracks land and energy conflicts around the world.

In Delhi, environmental justice case studies, middle class residents and informal recyclers joined together to oppose the privatisation of waste management. The Environmental Justice Atlas is a collection of cases of communities struggling for environmental justice around the world.

Explore environment Ecology mining Pollution, environmental justice case studies. The Conversation is an independent, not-for-profit media outlet that uses content sourced from the academic and research community. Looking for more science? Click here to see our subscription options. Click here to see our gift options. Popular Today. Enormous bubbles discovered near centre of the Milky Way News. The oldest genetic data ever found News. Researchers design robot glider that takes off from water News.

Latest Stories. Poo scoop snares an Ig Nobel Blog. Kb is like Earth, but not News. Seductive light from the dark side News. More from Cosmos Conversation, environmental justice case studies. Will genetic screening of athletes change sport as we know it? Cosmos Conversation. This sea snake gathers oxygen environmental justice case studies its forehead Cosmos Conversation.

How fast can a human cycle?


The world's top 10 battles for environmental justice | Cosmos


environmental justice case studies


The current definition of environmental justice is "the right to a clean and safe environment in which to live, work, and play" (Bullard, ). That definition might be expanded to include the right to preserve one's cultural integrity, and to free from techno-environmental changes that inhibit such preservation. The Jamaica Plain Neighborhood Development Corporation (JPNDC) and Urban Edge Community Development Corporation (UECDC) have formed a partnership to transform 11 acres of public and private land near the intersection of Columbus Avenue and Centre Street in Jackson Square, into a mixed-income, mixed. Jun 14,  · Environmental Justice and NEPA Case Studies. FHWA has developed a series of Environmental Justice and NEPA case studies that focus on Environmental Justice analysis during the environmental review process. The case studies highlight 10 projects where agencies addressed Environmental Justice concerns early in the NEPA process.